Shape the Enterprise, Shape the Life: Strategy of Living Life in Refuge as an Ethnic Entrepreneur in Light of Immaterial Labor

Authors

Keywords:

refugees, Syrians, immaterial labor, subjectivity, ethnic entrepreneurship

Abstract

This article aims to present and analyze the strategy for living life of Syrian refugees, examining the ethnic enterprise in light of the notion of immaterial labor. A qualitative and exploratory study was conducted in the city of Porto Alegre (Brazil), based on a corpus of research whose thematic focus was ethnicity in the food-sector enterprises of Syrian refugees. The data were accessed by means of newspaper reports, visits to the enterprises, the consumption of products, narrative interviews, and direct observation with photographic and field diary records. The participants were Syrian refugees interconnected through family ties and a common origin who share two enterprises – an ethnic snack bar and confectionery. The analysis resulted in three axes: (a) routes and obstacles in refuge; (b) immaterial labor in the ethnic enterprise; and (c) being an ethnic entrepreneur as a strategy for living life in refuge. It is highlighted that the metaphorical models of wanderer and player help to illustrate the production of subjectivity outlining the ethnic entrepreneur as a strategy for living life as a refugee operationalized by immaterial labor. These conclusions provide an analytical perspective on the subjectivity for ethnic enterprises by showing that the ethnic entrepreneur in correspondence with the self-entrepreneur in immaterial labor operates in the sense of producing/composing/affirming the strategy for living life in refuge. Thus, by shaping the enterprise, it shapes the life. 

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Author Biographies

Laura Alves Scherer, Federal University of Pampa

PhD in Administration in the research line People Management and Labor Relations from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), including a PhD placement at the Université Paris-Dauphine, in France. Professor of the Postgraduate Program in Administration at the Federal University of Pampa (UNIPAMPA) — Santana do Livramento Campus. Researcher of the International Observatory of Carreiras (OIC — PPGA/EA/UFRGS), of the Interdisciplinary Group for Innovation and Labor Studies (GINEIT — PPGA/EA/UFRGS), and of the Group for Studies on Work, Organizations, and People (GESTA — UNIPAMPA).

E-mail: lauralvescherer@gmail.com

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1803-3014

Vanessa Amaral Prestes, La Salle University

PhD in Administration in the research line People Management and Labor Relations from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS). Professor at La Salle University. Researcher of the Group for Educational Management Research in Different Contexts (UNILASALLE), of the International Observatory of Carreiras (OIC — PPGA/EA/UFRGS), and of the Interdisciplinary Group for Innovation and Labor Studies (GINEIT — PPGA/EA/UFRGS).

E-mail: vanessa.amaral.prestes@gmail.com

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5192-310X

Carmem Lígia Iochins Grisci, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul

PhD in Psychology from the Catholic Pontifical University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), with a post-doctorate from the Technical University of Lisbon (UTL), Portugal. Titular professor of the Postgraduate Program in Administration at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS).

E-mail: carmem.grisci@ufrgs.br

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7034-4007

Published

2022-10-28

How to Cite

1.
Alves Scherer L, Amaral Prestes V, Iochins Grisci CL. Shape the Enterprise, Shape the Life: Strategy of Living Life in Refuge as an Ethnic Entrepreneur in Light of Immaterial Labor. Organ. Soc. [Internet]. 2022Oct.28 [cited 2022Dec.7];29(103). Available from: https://periodicos.ufba.br/index.php/revistaoes/article/view/48632

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Articles